What are terpenes?

Terpenes give cannabis its characteristic smell and flavonoids give colour. They also have medicinal properties although the published research in humans elucidating the details is still very preliminary in the cannabis plant.

Some patients are aware that they prefer a particular strain with a certain mixture of terpenes and minor cannabinoids, which matches with anecdotal clinical observations from prescribing in other jurisdictions where medical cannabis has been more widely prescribed, such as in Canada.

The MCCS recommend that labelling of products includes at least the terpene profile so that our understanding of the value of these components can develop over time, and possibly included in any clinical data collection

DescriptionAlso Found InVaporiser Boiling TemperatureAroma
MYRCENEMyrcene, or β-myrcene, is believed to have a potential anti-inflammatory effect, in addition to possible anti-tumour, sedative, and other health benefitsThyme, Mango, Lemongrass167°CCloves, Earthy, Herbal
pineneMost common terpene in the natural world. Studies show it may be help with pain, inflammation, or anxiety.Pine Needles, Rosemary, Basil155°CPine,
CaryophylleneCaryophyllene has the following potential medical benefits: Anti-inflammatory and analgesic Alcohol craving reduction Anti-cancer Anti-anxiety and anti-depressantBlack Pepper, Cloves, Cinnamon130°CPeppery, Spicy, Woody, Cloves
Humulene1May provide anti-inflammatory benefits Humulene’s other potential effects include: Anti-bacterial Anti-inflammatory Anti-tumor PharmacokineticHops, Wood106°CWoody, Earthy
LinaloolBelieved to promote sedating and calming effects.Lavender, Birch Bark198°CFloral,
limoneneBelieved to provide relief from stress and anxiety.Lemon Rind, Orange Rind, Juniper176°CCitrus,
ocimeneSweet, earthy and citrusy aroma frequently used in perfume.Mint, Parsley, Orchids50°CSweet, Herbal, Woody
terpinoleneAbout one in ten strains are dominant in terpinolene. Believed to have uplifting effects.Lilacs, Nutmeg, Cumin186°CPine, Floral, Herbal
Trans-NerolidolThis secondary terpene is believed to produce sedating effects, and is being investigated for the following medical benefits: Inhibits growth of leishmaniasis Antiparasitic Antifungal AntimicrobialJasmine, Tea Tree, Lemongrass122 °CFloral, Citrus,
bisabololAs well as subtlety influencing the aroma of specific cannabis strains, bisabolol (also known as α-Bisabolol or levomenol,) may have some therapeutic effects. However, it is important to note that most of the current research has involved animal studies rather than human clinical trials.chamomile flower, candeia tree153 °Csweet, mild, floral aroma similar to chamomile tea